BITCO Insurance Companies
Release Date: March 7, 2016
Zika virus disease (Zika) is a disease caused by Zika virus that is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually do not get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.
Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 and is named after the Zika forest in Uganda. In 1952, the first human cases of Zika were detected and since then, outbreaks of Zika have been reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Zika outbreaks have probably occurred in many locations. Before 2007, at least 14 cases of Zika had been documented, although other cases were likely to have occurred and were not reported. Because the symptoms of Zika are similar to those of many other diseases, many cases may not have been recognized.
In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil and on Feb 1, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Zika virus a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). Local transmission has been reported in many other countries and territories. Zika virus likely will continue to spread to new areas. The virus can be transmitted from the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito, from mother to fetus or newborn child, through sexual contact with a male partner, and through blood transfusion.
In response to the concern about Zika, the United States (U.S.) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has established a Zika resource website at http://www.cdc.gov/zika/index.html to address issues such as:
The website also contains links to fact sheets and posters on Zika, as well as links on other topics (e.g., travel information) and scientific references.
CDC has also published the “Zika Virus Microsite,” an easily embeddable collection of Zika virus information about developments in the current outbreak, including prevention, symptoms, treatment, and information for pregnant women and travelers. The embeddable code provided by CDC allows other sites and applications to easily incorporate the CDC web content of interest to other sites and applications by cutting and pasting a small section of code from the CDC site to the target website or application. The CDC “Zika Virus Microsite” can be accessed at https://tools.cdc.gov/medialibrary/index.aspx#/microsite/id/234558. Further information on using the embeddable code is available at https://tools.cdc.gov/medialibrary/index.aspx#/learnmore.
The information contained in this publication was obtained from sources believed to be reliable. ISO Services, Inc., its companies and employees make no guarantee of results and assume no liability in connection with either the information herein contained or the safety suggestions herein made. Moreover, it cannot be assumed that every acceptable safety procedure is contained herein or that abnormal or unusual circumstances may not warrant or require further or additional procedure.